The global epidemic of Coronavirus has been attributed to the ongoing incidence of global outbreaks and rapid spread of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID 19). The disease is caused by a virus called the Coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2) that caused severe acute respiratory track infections. And the first detected in the city of Wuhan Province in Hubei Province, China, 2019 in the December.
On March 11, 2020, the world committee recognized the disease as a global epidemic. According to data by March 29, 2020 more than 8,60,000 people have been infected with Coronavirus disease 2019 in more than 199 countries and sub-regions of the world. More than 42,000 people have died of them, and more than 1 1lakh 78 thousand patients are recovering.
The global epidemic of Coronavirus 2019-20
|Disease:||Diseases that cause Coronavirus 2019 (COVID 19)|
|A species of virus:||Coronavirus 2 cause severe acute respiratory disease.|
|The first infection:||1st December 2019 (4 months and 1 week)|
|Origin:||Wuhan Province, Hubei Province, China.|
When million of people affected with Coronavirus disease 2019 begin to float in the air as a result of coughing or sneezing, another person nearly may receive the virus if they breath the infected air. Due to the common breathing and a very small amount of virus can float in the air.
In addition, the virus may remain in the surface of the material for several hours or days in the presence of particulate matter on the table or any other surface, or in contact with the virus. The surface of another person touches the nose, mouth or eyes, then the virus can enter the body through the person’s genital membrane when a patient begins to manifest symptoms of the disease, it is most commonly infected.
However, it is possible to transmit the disease even before the symptoms appear. The average time from exposure to the virus to the symptoms is usually 5 days, but in most cases it can take 2 to 14 days or more common symptoms of the disease are fever cough and shortness of breath. If the disease is complicated, it may cause pulmonary information and if more severe, may result in the manifestation of acute respiratory track infections, which can lead to death.
No preventive vaccine or particularly effective anti-viral drug has been developed for this disease. Treatment of the disease mainly relieves symptoms and provide supportive treatment, so that the patient can recover automatically. To prevent the disease, it is advisable to maintain distance with other people, cover the mouth in a healthy manner while coughing, washing hands and free the organisms, keeping it in view and self-isolation in the case of potentially infected people.
Efforts the prevent the spread of the virus have resulted in travel ban, quarantine, curfew, postpone or cancellation of events and closure of various institutions. For example, the ban on the province of Hubei, the quarantine of the whole of Italy, the closer of the border, the ban on foreign tourists and other foreigners have been imposed. Examination the presence of virus’s symptoms and body, in airports and rail station in other provinces of China and South Korea Disorientation apply curfew, warning massage about traveling to distressed areas.
School, college and university in 115 countries around the world have been declared closed at national or local level, impacting the lives of nearly 120 million students.
Due to this global Pandemic, Aryan social activities around the world have stopped. Many sports competition and cultural events have either been postponed or cancelled. In many countries, people with a lot of fear of the shortage of food (such as food or medicine) have the urge to buy. The Internet is spreading false information and conspiracy theories about the virus. Apart from this, racism and alienation against the people of China, East Asia and South-East Asia have increased.
clinical course and risk factors for mortality of about inpatients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China : A retrospective Cohort study.